Krista Cox's blog
SCOTUS rules in 5-3 opinion that pay-for-delay settlement agreements are not immune from antitrust scrutinySubmitted by Krista Cox on 17. June 2013 - 10:19
On Monday, 17 June 2013, the Supreme Court of the United States released its opinion in Federal Trade Comm'n v. Actavis (formerly captioned as FTC v. Watson Pharmaceuticals, Inc.). The decision, with a 5-3 split, found that pay-for-delay settlement agreements are unusual, raising concerns of anticompetitive behavior, and are not immune from antitrust scrutiny.
On 13 June 2013, the long awaited opinion of the Supreme Court of the United States in the case on whether human DNA is patentable was issued and, the last line of the opinion summarizes, "We merely hold that genes and the information they encode are not patent eligible under §101 simply because they have been isolated from the surrounding genetic material."
Statement of Knowledge Ecology International in Support of the Unlocking Technology Act (H.R. 1892)
June 9, 2013
The bipartisan Unlocking Technology Act (H.R. 1892), introduced by Representative Lofgren (D-CA) and co-sponsored by Representatives DeFazio (D-OR), Eshoo (D-CA), Holt (D-NJ), Massie (R-KY), and Polis (D-CO) takes the welcome step of scaling back the overprotection of “digital locks” and promoting consumer choice and competition.
The WIPO diplomatic conference to negotiate a treaty for persons who are visually impaired is slated for 17-28 June 2013 in Marrakech, Morocco. In the context of these negotiations, there have been several discussions regarding the fair use tradition in the United States and whether references to it are important to the treaty.
Supreme Court Unanimously Finds Patent Exhaustion Does Not Apply to Seeds; Leaves Door Open on Other Self-Replicating TechnologySubmitted by Krista Cox on 16. May 2013 - 11:01
On Monday, 13 May 2013, the Supreme Court of the United States unanimously held that patent exhaustion does not apply to second, third or nth generations of seeds. In an opinion authored by Justice Kagan, the court found that patent exhaustion does not apply to seeds because later generations constitute new copies of the invention.
On 1 May 2013, USTR released its 2013 Special 301 Report. Ukraine was put on the Priority Foreign Country list this year, a designation not used by USTR for several years. USTR's 2013 report spends more than six pages discussing China and two full pages on India. Below are some comments regarding this year's report.
Least Developed Countries
SCOTUS Oral Arguments in AMP v. Myriad Genetics; Court to Determine Answer to Question: Are Human Genes Patentable?Submitted by Krista Cox on 15. April 2013 - 12:05
On 15 April 2013, the Supreme Court of the United States heard oral arguments in the case Association for Molecular Pathology, et. al., v. Myriad Genetics, et. al, hearing arguments over the question: are human genes patentable? The case, which has been litigated since 2009, specifically involves two genes, known as the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes which are associated with an individual's susceptibility to breast and ovarian cancer.
On 28 March 2013, the EU-India FTA (BTiA) negotiating text was made available here. Below are some of my quick impressions on some portions of the negotiating text.
SCOTUS Oral Arguments in FTC v. Actavis; Court to Decide Legality of Pay-For-Delay (Reverse Payment) Settlement AgreementsSubmitted by Krista Cox on 25. March 2013 - 11:30
On Monday, 25 March 2013, the Supreme Court of the United States heard oral arguments in the case, Federal Trade Commission v. Actavis, Inc., et. al. This case had previously been captioned as Federal Trade Commission v. Watson Pharmaceuticals, et. al., but was recaptioned after the combination of Actavis and Watson. KEI filed an amicus brief in support of the FTC which is available here (along with additional background to the case).
The 16th round of negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA) took place at the Grand Copthorne Waterfront Hotel in Singapore in early March.
Analysis of Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons (Parallel Importation Case); Supreme Court Applies International ExhaustionSubmitted by Krista Cox on 19. March 2013 - 9:49
Today, 19 March 2013, the Supreme Court released its opinion in Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, a case involving the parallel importation of copyrighted works. The case involved the petitioner, Kirtsaeng, purchasing textbooks in Thailand then reselling them in the United States. The Second Circuit held in this case that the first sale doctrine did not apply to foreign made goods, applying national exhaustion principles.
On Monday, March 18, 2013, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), held a conference call with the four NGOs that filed an October 25, 2012 march-in request for the patents held by Abbott Laboratories/AbbVie relevant to the manufacture and sale of ritonavir, a federally funded invention that is much more expensive in the United States than in Canada, Europe or other high-income countries, and is only available as a co-formulated product with AbbVie's version of lopinavir.
Pending U.S. Court Cases on Intellectual Property and Their Relation to the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA)Submitted by Krista Cox on 8. March 2013 - 9:36
**Updated 19 March 2013, after the Supreme Court released its opinion in Kirtsaeng ruling to permit parallel importation of copyrighted works**
SCOTUS Oral Arguments in Bowman v. Monsanto; Court to Decide Application of Patent Exhaustion to Self-Replicating TechnologySubmitted by Krista Cox on 19. February 2013 - 14:34
On Tuesday, 19 February 2013, the Supreme Court of the United States heard oral arguments in the case, Bowman v. Monsanto. This case involves the application of the patent exhaustion doctrine to self-replicating technology, in this case, seeds.
On Friday, 8 February 2013, KEI filed comments to USTR on the 2013 Special 301 Review. The comments request support for an extension of the transition period for least-developed countries, issues regarding compulsory licenses, patent linkage, exclusive rights over test data, and standards of patentability. With regard to copyright, KEI submitted comments covering issues of technological protection measures and DMCA-style legislation on notice-and-takedown procedures. KEI also made comments regarding the enforcement of intellectual property rights.