Obligations to fund R&D, under CEWG recommendation

The World Heath Organization is now debating proposal in a report form a Consultative Expert Working Group (CEWG) on R&D for a new medical R&D treaty, focusing on the special health needs of developing countries. The following table shows how much money various regions and countries would be obligated to spend on R&D, under the treaty proposal, which is .0001 of GDP, of which 20 percent would be invested through pooled funding mechanisms.

Obligations to fund R&D, under CEWG recommendation, based upon 2010 levels of GDP
Country/Region Country Code 2010 GDP .0001 of 2010 GDP .0001*.2 of 2010 GDP
World WLD $ 63,256,970,222,855 $ 6,325,697,022 $ 1,265,139,404
High income HIC $ 43,239,946,724,521 $ 4,323,994,672 $ 864,798,934
Low & middle income LMY $ 20,085,491,313,316 $ 2,008,549,131 $ 401,709,826
Middle income MIC $ 19,645,090,321,304 $ 1,964,509,032 $ 392,901,806
Upper middle income UMC $ 15,319,085,126,484 $ 1,531,908,513 $ 306,381,703
Lower middle income LMC $ 4,322,955,163,581 $ 432,295,516 $ 86,459,103
Low income LIC $ 419,210,016,268 $ 41,921,002 $ 8,384,200
Least developed countries: UN classification LDC $ 611,131,544,551 $ 61,113,154 $ 12,222,631
North America NAC $ 16,169,540,979,557 $ 1,616,954,098 $ 323,390,820
European Union EUU $ 16,241,135,492,142 $ 1,624,113,549 $ 324,822,710
Latin America & Caribbean LCN $ 5,123,242,602,527 $ 512,324,260 $ 102,464,852
Sub-Saharan Africa SSF $ 1,123,626,024,510 $ 112,362,602 $ 22,472,520
Individual Countries, sorted by name of country
Afghanistan AFG $ 17,243,112,604 $ 1,724,311 $ 344,862
Albania ALB $ 11,786,099,138 $ 1,178,610 $ 235,722
Algeria DZA $ 161,979,404,727 $ 16,197,940 $ 3,239,588
Angola AGO $ 84,937,012,043 $ 8,493,701 $ 1,698,740
Antigua and Barbuda ATG $ 1,211,324,626 $ 121,132 $ 24,226
Argentina ARG $ 368,736,062,144 $ 36,873,606 $ 7,374,721
Armenia ARM $ 9,371,187,176 $ 937,119 $ 187,424
Australia AUS $ 1,131,623,072,708 $ 113,162,307 $ 22,632,461
Austria AUT $ 379,069,258,278 $ 37,906,926 $ 7,581,385
Azerbaijan AZE $ 51,774,221,669 $ 5,177,422 $ 1,035,484
Bahamas, The BHS $ 7,701,560,000 $ 770,156 $ 154,031
Bangladesh BGD $ 100,357,022,444 $ 10,035,702 $ 2,007,140
Barbados BRB $ 4,109,500,000 $ 410,950 $ 82,190
Belarus BLR $ 54,713,128,376 $ 5,471,313 $ 1,094,263
Belgium BEL $ 469,374,172,185 $ 46,937,417 $ 9,387,483
Belize BLZ $ 1,401,000,000 $ 140,100 $ 28,020
Benin BEN $ 6,633,055,846 $ 663,306 $ 132,661
Bermuda BMU $ 5,764,584,000 $ 576,458 $ 115,292
Bhutan BTN $ 1,516,078,205 $ 151,608 $ 30,322
Bolivia BOL $ 19,649,724,656 $ 1,964,972 $ 392,994
Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH $ 16,577,887,610 $ 1,657,789 $ 331,558
Botswana BWA $ 14,858,673,700 $ 1,485,867 $ 297,173
Brazil BRA $ 2,087,889,553,822 $ 208,788,955 $ 41,757,791
Bulgaria BGR $ 47,714,490,183 $ 4,771,449 $ 954,290
Burkina Faso BFA $ 8,820,312,674 $ 882,031 $ 176,406
Burundi BDI $ 1,610,544,922 $ 161,054 $ 32,211
Cambodia KHM $ 11,242,266,334 $ 1,124,227 $ 224,845
Cameroon CMR $ 22,480,348,401 $ 2,248,035 $ 449,607
Canada CAN $ 1,577,040,082,218 $ 157,704,008 $ 31,540,802
Cape Verde CPV $ 1,648,093,063 $ 164,809 $ 32,962
Central African Republic CAF $ 2,013,014,939 $ 201,301 $ 40,260
Chad TCD $ 7,587,673,161 $ 758,767 $ 151,753
Chile CHL $ 212,740,792,703 $ 21,274,079 $ 4,254,816
China CHN $ 5,926,612,009,750 $ 592,661,201 $ 118,532,240
Colombia COL $ 288,885,551,850 $ 28,888,555 $ 5,777,711
Comoros COM $ 541,097,513 $ 54,110 $ 10,822
Congo, Dem. Rep. COD $ 13,144,743,453 $ 1,314,474 $ 262,895
Congo, Rep. COG $ 12,007,880,067 $ 1,200,788 $ 240,158
Costa Rica CRI $ 35,831,464,226 $ 3,583,146 $ 716,629
Cote d'Ivoire CIV $ 22,780,280,530 $ 2,278,028 $ 455,606
Croatia HRV $ 60,851,860,677 $ 6,085,186 $ 1,217,037
Cyprus CYP $ 23,132,450,331 $ 2,313,245 $ 462,649
Czech Republic CZE $ 192,032,097,602 $ 19,203,210 $ 3,840,642
Denmark DNK $ 311,988,727,035 $ 31,198,873 $ 6,239,775
Dominica DMA $ 466,389,674 $ 46,639 $ 9,328
Dominican Republic DOM $ 51,766,377,246 $ 5,176,638 $ 1,035,328
Ecuador ECU $ 57,978,116,000 $ 5,797,812 $ 1,159,562
Egypt, Arab Rep. EGY $ 218,894,280,920 $ 21,889,428 $ 4,377,886
El Salvador SLV $ 21,214,700,000 $ 2,121,470 $ 424,294
Equatorial Guinea GNQ $ 14,006,302,933 $ 1,400,630 $ 280,126
Eritrea ERI $ 2,117,008,130 $ 211,701 $ 42,340
Estonia EST $ 19,216,566,444 $ 1,921,657 $ 384,331
Ethiopia ETH $ 29,717,009,196 $ 2,971,701 $ 594,340
Fiji FJI $ 3,189,296,039 $ 318,930 $ 63,786
Finland FIN $ 238,041,059,603 $ 23,804,106 $ 4,760,821
France FRA $ 2,560,002,000,000 $ 256,000,200 $ 51,200,040
Gabon GAB $ 13,137,183,781 $ 1,313,718 $ 262,744
Gambia, The GMB $ 806,523,948 $ 80,652 $ 16,130
Georgia GEO $ 11,667,377,224 $ 1,166,738 $ 233,348
Germany DEU $ 3,280,529,801,324 $ 328,052,980 $ 65,610,596
Ghana GHA $ 32,309,445,183 $ 3,230,945 $ 646,189
Greece GRC $ 301,083,245,491 $ 30,108,325 $ 6,021,665
Grenada GRD $ 773,270,880 $ 77,327 $ 15,465
Guatemala GTM $ 41,186,395,243 $ 4,118,640 $ 823,728
Guinea GIN $ 4,510,589,866 $ 451,059 $ 90,212
Guinea-Bissau GNB $ 878,517,652 $ 87,852 $ 17,570
Guyana GUY $ 2,225,615,171 $ 222,562 $ 44,512
Haiti HTI $ 6,709,734,807 $ 670,973 $ 134,195
Honduras HND $ 15,400,319,554 $ 1,540,032 $ 308,006
Hong Kong SAR, China HKG $ 224,457,859,239 $ 22,445,786 $ 4,489,157
Hungary HUN $ 128,631,634,125 $ 12,863,163 $ 2,572,633
Iceland ISL $ 12,574,305,880 $ 1,257,431 $ 251,486
India IND $ 1,727,111,096,363 $ 172,711,110 $ 34,542,222
Indonesia IDN $ 706,558,240,892 $ 70,655,824 $ 14,131,165
Iraq IRQ $ 82,150,312,821 $ 8,215,031 $ 1,643,006
Ireland IRL $ 206,611,896,653 $ 20,661,190 $ 4,132,238
Israel ISR $ 217,332,709,281 $ 21,733,271 $ 4,346,654
Italy ITA $ 2,060,965,089,474 $ 206,096,509 $ 41,219,302
Jamaica JAM $ 14,252,029,782 $ 1,425,203 $ 285,041
Japan JPN $ 5,458,836,663,871 $ 545,883,666 $ 109,176,733
Jordan JOR $ 27,573,536,000 $ 2,757,354 $ 551,471
Kazakhstan KAZ $ 149,058,911,551 $ 14,905,891 $ 2,981,178
Kenya KEN $ 32,198,151,217 $ 3,219,815 $ 643,963
Kiribati KIR $ 151,175,994 $ 15,118 $ 3,024
Korea, Rep. KOR $ 1,014,483,158,314 $ 101,448,316 $ 20,289,663
Kosovo KSV $ 5,552,317,881 $ 555,232 $ 111,046
Kyrgyz Republic KGZ $ 4,616,164,825 $ 461,616 $ 92,323
Lao PDR LAO $ 7,296,361,374 $ 729,636 $ 145,927
Latvia LVA $ 24,009,680,460 $ 2,400,968 $ 480,194
Lebanon LBN $ 39,006,223,284 $ 3,900,622 $ 780,124
Lesotho LSO $ 2,179,350,967 $ 217,935 $ 43,587
Liberia LBR $ 986,201,594 $ 98,620 $ 19,724
Lithuania LTU $ 36,306,384,146 $ 3,630,638 $ 726,128
Luxembourg LUX $ 53,333,642,384 $ 5,333,364 $ 1,066,673
Macao SAR, China MAC $ 27,960,168,078 $ 2,796,017 $ 559,203
Macedonia, FYR MKD $ 9,189,454,663 $ 918,945 $ 183,789
Madagascar MDG $ 8,720,543,554 $ 872,054 $ 174,411
Malawi MWI $ 5,054,150,506 $ 505,415 $ 101,083
Malaysia MYS $ 237,796,914,597 $ 23,779,691 $ 4,755,938
Maldives MDV $ 1,908,460,938 $ 190,846 $ 38,169
Mali MLI $ 9,251,388,617 $ 925,139 $ 185,028
Malta MLT $ 8,255,629,139 $ 825,563 $ 165,113
Marshall Islands MHL $ 162,935,850 $ 16,294 $ 3,259
Mauritania MRT $ 3,613,898,829 $ 361,390 $ 72,278
Mauritius MUS $ 9,723,857,671 $ 972,386 $ 194,477
Mexico MEX $ 1,035,870,880,242 $ 103,587,088 $ 20,717,418
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. FSM $ 297,451,433 $ 29,745 $ 5,949
Moldova MDA $ 5,808,796,184 $ 580,880 $ 116,176
Mongolia MNG $ 6,200,357,070 $ 620,036 $ 124,007
Montenegro MNE $ 4,111,066,225 $ 411,107 $ 82,221
Morocco MAR $ 90,804,562,196 $ 9,080,456 $ 1,816,091
Mozambique MOZ $ 9,586,185,528 $ 958,619 $ 191,724
Namibia NAM $ 12,170,331,922 $ 1,217,033 $ 243,407
Nepal NPL $ 15,721,827,207 $ 1,572,183 $ 314,437
Netherlands NLD $ 779,356,291,391 $ 77,935,629 $ 15,587,126
Nicaragua NIC $ 6,551,182,459 $ 655,118 $ 131,024
Niger NER $ 5,548,814,098 $ 554,881 $ 110,976
Nigeria NGA $ 202,522,959,166 $ 20,252,296 $ 4,050,459
Norway NOR $ 417,464,662,896 $ 41,746,466 $ 8,349,293
Pakistan PAK $ 176,869,569,654 $ 17,686,957 $ 3,537,391
Palau PLW $ 171,345,539 $ 17,135 $ 3,427
Panama PAN $ 26,688,773,970 $ 2,668,877 $ 533,775
Papua New Guinea PNG $ 9,480,047,959 $ 948,005 $ 189,601
Paraguay PRY $ 18,331,237,086 $ 1,833,124 $ 366,625
Peru PER $ 157,053,003,534 $ 15,705,300 $ 3,141,060
Philippines PHL $ 199,589,447,424 $ 19,958,945 $ 3,991,789
Poland POL $ 469,440,132,670 $ 46,944,013 $ 9,388,803
Portugal PRT $ 228,571,125,828 $ 22,857,113 $ 4,571,423
Puerto Rico PRI $ 96,260,500,000 $ 9,626,050 $ 1,925,210
Romania ROU $ 161,623,662,681 $ 16,162,366 $ 3,232,473
Russian Federation RUS $ 1,479,819,314,058 $ 147,981,931 $ 29,596,386
Rwanda RWA $ 5,627,667,377 $ 562,767 $ 112,553
Samoa WSM $ 573,509,396 $ 57,351 $ 11,470
Sao Tome and Principe STP $ 196,806,610 $ 19,681 $ 3,936
Saudi Arabia SAU $ 434,666,133,333 $ 43,466,613 $ 8,693,323
Senegal SEN $ 12,855,297,513 $ 1,285,530 $ 257,106
Serbia SRB $ 38,423,239,717 $ 3,842,324 $ 768,465
Seychelles SYC $ 936,609,214 $ 93,661 $ 18,732
Sierra Leone SLE $ 1,905,015,045 $ 190,502 $ 38,100
Singapore SGP $ 208,765,019,308 $ 20,876,502 $ 4,175,300
Slovak Republic SVK $ 87,268,098,543 $ 8,726,810 $ 1,745,362
Slovenia SVN $ 46,908,328,072 $ 4,690,833 $ 938,167
Solomon Islands SLB $ 678,625,482 $ 67,863 $ 13,573
South Africa ZAF $ 363,910,425,628 $ 36,391,043 $ 7,278,209
South Sudan SSD $ 13,227,479,222 $ 1,322,748 $ 264,550
Spain ESP $ 1,407,405,298,013 $ 140,740,530 $ 28,148,106
Sri Lanka LKA $ 49,551,751,283 $ 4,955,175 $ 991,035
St. Kitts and Nevis KNA $ 651,701,400 $ 65,170 $ 13,034
St. Lucia LCA $ 1,197,809,020 $ 119,781 $ 23,956
St. Vincent and the Grenadines VCT $ 704,776,456 $ 70,478 $ 14,096
Sudan SDN $ 62,045,783,133 $ 6,204,578 $ 1,240,916
Swaziland SWZ $ 3,697,606,785 $ 369,761 $ 73,952
Sweden SWE $ 458,551,636,257 $ 45,855,164 $ 9,171,033
Switzerland CHE $ 527,919,933,356 $ 52,791,993 $ 10,558,399
Syrian Arab Republic SYR $ 59,147,033,452 $ 5,914,703 $ 1,182,941
Tajikistan TJK $ 5,640,410,959 $ 564,041 $ 112,808
Tanzania TZA $ 22,915,004,425 $ 2,291,500 $ 458,300
Thailand THA $ 318,522,264,429 $ 31,852,226 $ 6,370,445
Timor-Leste TLS $ 701,000,000 $ 70,100 $ 14,020
Togo TGO $ 3,153,400,897 $ 315,340 $ 63,068
Tonga TON $ 348,330,402 $ 34,833 $ 6,967
Trinidad and Tobago TTO $ 20,603,922,191 $ 2,060,392 $ 412,078
Tunisia TUN $ 44,290,845,563 $ 4,429,085 $ 885,817
Turkey TUR $ 734,364,471,760 $ 73,436,447 $ 14,687,289
Turkmenistan TKM $ 20,000,701,754 $ 2,000,070 $ 400,014
Tuvalu TUV $ 31,350,804 $ 3,135 $ 627
Uganda UGA $ 17,010,765,767 $ 1,701,077 $ 340,215
Ukraine UKR $ 137,929,309,476 $ 13,792,931 $ 2,758,586
United Arab Emirates ARE $ 297,648,476,848 $ 29,764,848 $ 5,952,970
United Kingdom GBR $ 2,261,713,093,830 $ 226,171,309 $ 45,234,262
United States USA $ 14,586,736,313,339 $ 1,458,673,631 $ 291,734,726
Uruguay URY $ 39,051,434,884 $ 3,905,143 $ 781,029
Uzbekistan UZB $ 38,981,605,338 $ 3,898,161 $ 779,632
Vanuatu VUT $ 698,753,388 $ 69,875 $ 13,975
Venezuela, RB VEN $ 391,847,491,772 $ 39,184,749 $ 7,836,950
Vietnam VNM $ 106,426,845,157 $ 10,642,685 $ 2,128,537
Yemen, Rep. YEM $ 31,270,054,960 $ 3,127,005 $ 625,401
Zambia ZMB $ 16,192,857,209 $ 1,619,286 $ 323,857
Zimbabwe ZWE $ 7,475,995,911 $ 747,600 $ 149,520
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CEWG_Report_5_April_2012.pdf1.39 MB